Hair Disorders

Hair plays an important role in our lives. Our hair is our crowning glory, and it forms our identity and self-image.

Most of the hair disorders aren’t serious but they often create major cosmetic issues which require immediate treatment.

Hair disorders include - diffuse hair loss like androgenic alopecia or female pattern hair loss, or localized like alopecia areata (undri) or scarring alopecia. Other hair problems include dandruff, dry lustreless hair, split ends, oily hair etc. Unwanted hair growth due to hormonal factors (hirsutism) or non-hormonal (hypertrichosis).

Eye Wrinkles
Eye Wrinkles
Brighter Skin
Brighter Skin
Dark Circles
Dark Circles
Bags & Puffiness
Bags & Puffiness
Wrinkles & Aging
Wrinkles & Aging
Dark Spots
Dark Spots
Treatment
Treatment of hair disorders depend on the type of condition and its underlying cause.

Generally, hair related disorders require long-term treatment. So, patience and regular follow-up are recommended for treatment to be successful. SPARSH is an advanced centre for treatment of all hair related disorders. We provide PRP, Hair transplantation and Permanent hair reduction (by USFDA approved MILESMAN).

Treatment
Frequently Asked Questions
To make your hair grow faster you need to take care of it. Your hair cannot grow overnight, so you need to follow a thorough haircare regimen which includes regular trimming, applying oil on regular basis.

You can also consider consuming hair-boosting supplements after consulting a dermatologist.
Wash your hair with a good quality shampoo that does not contain sulphate and parabens. You should keep your hair and scalp clean by washing twice or thrice a week.

Use a conditioner according to the hair type post shampooing your hair.

Make sure that you do not brush your wet hair. As much as possible try to air dry your hair. Using too much heat and heat styling tools on your hair can damage them.

Also, trim your hair regularly to get rid of splits ends.
To maintain long hair, you need to take care of them properly. Just washing and shampooing your hair is not enough to keep them healthy.

You need to schedule regular trims to keep them in healthy state, also shampoo and condition them as per your hair type and dry them with care.

Avoid tight hairstyles that might pull and damage the hair shaft.

What you eat also matters, so have a balanced diet to keep your hair long and strong.
It depends on the hair, if you have normal to dry hair you can wash it once a week, but if you have greasy scalp, you probably need to wash more often like daily or alternate days.
Traditionally, conditioner is applied every time after shampooing and rinsing the hair

First wet your hair, lather the scalp with shampoo while massaging it gently into the scalp and then rinse out the product.

Then wring out the water and then use a dollop of hair conditioner according to your hair type from the middle of your hair shaft to the ends and then leave it for a couple of minutes.

Lastly, rinse out the conditioner and then dry your hair.
Shampoo cleans the scalp, but at the same time it leaves the hair dry. Conditioners work by smoothing down the hair to making it look smooth and shiny.

The shampoo works on the scalp and opens the hair’s cuticle and conditioner locks all the nutrients and seals it back.
Sometimes the hair becomes too greasy over a period of time because of the oils secreted from the scalp. It can also be a result of using oily haircare products.

Some people produce more oils than others. The excess oil production can also be triggered by various other factors such as puberty, stress, pregnancy, menstruation, or hormonal medications.
Dandruff can be caused by various reasons; dry scalp, eczema or even psoriasis. Flaky scalp is the result of dandruff flakes that are actually dead skin cells. They fall off the scalp naturally and more so if you scratch.
By using an anti-dandruff shampoo, you can get rid of dandruff, otherwise you can also use a mild exfoliant to get rid of it.

You can use an easily available exfoliant, baking soda to remove the dead skin cells and also to balance pH levels on the scalp. Using baking soda will reduce the growth of fungi that cause dandruff. Simply wet your hair and rub a handful of baking soda onto the scalp. Wash it off with warm water. You can also mix baking soda in your regular shampoo and then use it.
You can get rid of dry hair with the help of some home remedies. You can prepare and apply deep conditioning avocado hair mask to get rid of the dry hair. To prepare the avocado hair mask, take one whole ripe avocado, two tablespoons of olive oil and a teaspoon of honey. In a blender, blend all the ingredients together and then apply this paste all over your scalp. Massage thoroughly and cover you head with a shower cap. Leave it for 30 minutes and then wash with warm water.
You need to simply follow a basic haircare routine to protect your hair. Start by using a shampoo and conditioner that suits your hair. Avoid washing your hair more frequently than required for your scalp type. Too frequent washing can strip the natural oil from your scalp.

You can deep condition your hair once a week to regain the moisture and to keep your hair shiny and frizz-free.

Always keep your hair brush clean and try to air dry your hair as much as possible. If you use hair styling tool, always apply a heat protestant.
The average person’s hair grows a quarter of an inch every month. But due to various factors it can vary from person to person. Keeping this in mind you should trim your hair every 6 months to maintain healthy hair.
To get rid of splits ends you need to use a nourishing conditioner so that the hair follicles are sealed. Use a wide tooth comb to get rid of the tangles.

Go gentle on your hair and do not use a lot of hair styling tools, too much heat can damage your hair and result in split ends. You can also use a leave-in conditioner and go for regular trims to remove the split ends.
To make your hair smell good, keep your scalp and hair clean by washing it with a good shampoo followed by a good quality conditioner. You can use diluted essential oils on your hair to make your hair smell good. Scented hairsprays, serum and dry shampoo also work wonders to make your hair smell good.
  • Always wash your hair with lukewarm water.
  • After applying shampoo, use the tips of your fingers to gently massage your scalp in a circular motion.
  • Wash your hair regularly according to your scalp type.
  • Use an organic, non-alkaline shampoo to wash your hair.
  • Applying lukewarm oil to your scalp is good for the health of your hair.
  • Always keep your hair tied up and make sure that they are loosely tied.
  • If you have any hair problems (like hair fall, dandruff or alopecia) visit a skin specialist immediately.
  • If you wish to remove your body hair, prefer shaving them using a shaving cream over waxing.
  • As far as possible, avoid undergoing any hair treatments (e.g., straightening, spa).
  • Use an ammonia-free hair colour to colour your hair. Avoid colouring your hair if you develop any allergy.
  • Choose a hair oil according to the type of your hair and scalp.
Hair massage improves the blood circulation in your scalp which leads to better hair and scalp health. If you want stronger, softer and shinier hair, you need to pamper your locks with the goodness of an oil massage. Since your hair is exposed to pollution, dust and chemical-laden products, it needs a proper care on a regular basis. By giving yourself a hair oil massage, you will restore the moisture and make your hair healthy.

If you are bothered with dull and lifeless hair that has been stripped of natural oil, hair oil massage will fix all your hair problems.
First decide how many oils you want to use on your scalp. Depending on how intensive you want your oil treatment to be you can use a blend of oil to make the most of it. You can use carrier oil along with essential oils like tea tree oil, cedarwood, lavender. Essential oils can do wonders to your hair. Since essential oils are highly concentrated, they are diluted using a carrier oil. You can also stick to applying just the carrier oils such as coconut oil or virgin olive oil.

STEP 1: Before you start oiling your hair, brush it so that you get rid of all the knots and tangles. This will make the process of oil application easy.
STEP 2: Section your hair into two parts for easy application. Split your hair right down the middle of your scalp. Pull one section over your left shoulder and the other over your right shoulder.
STEP 3: Pour about one teaspoon of coconut oil or olive oil on your palm and rub your hands together to spread it well. Using your fingertips work it into your scalp thoroughly. Use circular motions to work the oil into the roots of your hair, use your fingertips to stimulate the scalp.
STEP 4: Move in a consistent pattern and try to cover the entire scalp area. Do not neglect the back of your head. The area behind your ears and the area just above the nape also needs attention. Massage well in these areas.
STEP 5: Each time you need to add one teaspoon of oil and work it into the scalp, so that it does not result in a dripping mess. Now that you have covered the entire scalp, start the application through the length of your hair. Take some oil, rub it onto your palms and run your hands through the length of your hair.
STEP 6: Massage your hair and scalp for about 10-15 minutes, comb your hair so that the oil spreads evenly and then tie your hair. Let the oil penetrate into your scalp for 30 minutes. You can also leave this overnight, but do not leave it on for more than 24 hours as your hair will start attracting dirt. Wash off the oil in the morning with a mild shampoo.
1. Oil your scalp
Apply the oil into your scalp and using the tips of your fingers massage your scalp in circular motions. Preferably use olive oil or coconut oil. You can combine it with essential oils. You can also warm the oil a little bit before the application, so that it penetrates into your scalp. You may leave the oil over night in your hair or an hour or so before washing it off.

2. Brush your hair
Using a hair brush gently brush your hair. This will help in opening up your pores and also increase the blood circulation. By brushing your hair, you will also get rid of all the knots and tangles, which will help you to wash your hair easily. Never brush your hair when it is wet, it may lead to more breakage.

3. Rinse your hair
Rinse your hair thoroughly before you apply shampoo. Your hair should be completely soaked before you start applying the shampoo and conditioner. You can use lukewarm water to rinse your hair so that it opens up the cuticle and remove any kind of gunk trapped.

4. If you have long hair use conditioner before shampoo
If you have long hair you should be using conditioner on your hair before using shampoo. By following this technique, you will protect fragile ends from drying out further. It will also minimize the damage, making it smoother and boosting the shine. Once you have conditioned the hair, you can move on to using shampoo.

5. Carefully select your shampoo and conditioner Select a shampoo and conditioner that suits your hair type. If your hair is dry, opt for a moisturizing shampoo and conditioner. Use a mild shampoo instead of a harsh one loaded with chemicals.
If you color your hair, opt for color-safe prodcuts. Your shampoo needs to be sulfate free. Also, they should not contain any other harsh detergents that strip out the color on each wash.
Those with fine hair types should use volumizing shampoos, they will leave your fine, dull and lifeless hair looking nice and shiny.
Also, you should take into consideration, how often you wash your hair. You should do this according to your hair type. If you have oily or dirty hair or dandruff, you may need to shampoo daily. Normal or dry hair can be lather up two to three times a week.
6. Use shampoo but only at the scalp
Now start with applying shampoo. Use only a quarter-sized amount of shampoo, but not to the hair but only at the scalp. Lather up from roots to the end, because the hair closest to the scalp will be oily and towards the end, they tend to become dry. If your hair is particularly long then you might use more than quarter-sized amount.
7. Wash your hair gently
Be gentle to your hair otherwise too much of friction can cause damage to your hair’s cuticle. This can lead to fizziness and breakage. When you lather at the root, do it in gentle circular motion so that it increases blood circulation and stimulates hair growth. When you move towards the ends of your strands, smooth the lather in a straight motion. Never scrub the fragile ends using back and forth motion.

8. Do not rinse and repeat
Though the instructions on the shampoo bottle might read that you have to rinse and repeat, never do that. If you wash your hair twice, you will end up stripping your hair. Unless your hair is extremely dirty never rinse and repeat.

9. Use conditioner from the mid-lengths to the tips Now that you have shampooed your hair and rinsed, start applying the conditioner from the mid-lengths to the tips. Once you have applied the conditioner, clip your hair and leave the conditioner for some time. The longer it stays the better your hair absorbs. Never apply conditioner at the roots of your hair.

10. Cold water rinse
You started your hair wash with lukewarm water to open the cuticle, now to shut the cuticle tight, sealing the outer layer, you need to use cold water to rinse your hair. The cold water shuts the cuticle, seals in moisture from the conditioner and makes your hair look shiny and healthy. So even if you take a warm shower, at the end, rinse with cold water.
DO’s and DON’Ts
Yoga and meditation keeps you fit and healthy. It will make you calm, stable and tension free. This will positively affect the health of your hair. Maintain a good diet chart- Bad eating habits are also responsible for hair fall, so add protein, vitamin, mineral and nutrients in your diet that consequently give strength to your hair.
It is a routine practice to rub the towel in our hair roughly to dry it. It weakens the hair strings and follicles. So it is always better to dry your hair gently by towel or air dry your hair.
Cause of your hair loss can be genetic or due to your lifestyle, diet or any bad habits. Don’t keep it to yourself and consult your dermatologist at the earliest for the best treatment of your hair loss problems.
Stress and poor diet can cause or aggravate your hair loss. So instead of worrying, it's better to have an expert opinion in case of doubt.
If you avoid washing your hair, it will increase the problem, because unwashed hair will become uncanny, which eventually become weak. It is ideal to wash your hair with a gentle shampoo or a medicated shampoo every 2-3 days. Using conditioner after wash is also recommended.
People generally use over-the-counter hair gels and other hair care products to make their hair shiny and elegant. But these products may contain chemicals that are not good for hair health. Using these products in your hair can make your scalp dry and it will eventually make your hair weak.
There are many hair loss treatment solutions available in the market but don’t buy them without consulting your dermatologist. You should not spend your hard earned money on these products unless they are useful.
Dr. Milap Jolapara
Dr. Milap Jolapara
founder of SPARSH MD Skin & VD
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